Scientific “combat acne” Don’t touch the “danger triangle”
A few days ago, a news circulated on Weibo: An 11-year-old girl in Xiaogan, Hubei, had squeezed a few acne on her face due to beauty, and her whole body was painful and she had a high fever 38.
Above 5 degrees, my fingers and legs were unable to move, my breathing was short, my body became purple, and I lost my life.
It was diagnosed by the hospital as severe sepsis and osteomyelitis, and more than 100 ml of pus was drained out by surgery.
In fact, there have been similar reports in the past: a 15-year-old middle school student in Guangdong developed redness, swelling, fever, and coma after extruding three acne on his cheek and forehead. He was diagnosed with intracranial infection, lung infection, and sepsis.
Why squeeze a few small acne can cause so much trouble?
How should science “combat acne”?
To this end, we visited the dermatology departments of many hospitals.
Why do you get acne?
Traditional Chinese and Western medicine have explained that the scientific name of acne is acne. Because it occurs frequently in young people, it is often called “acne”.
Western medicine believes that there are four main reasons for the formation of acne: excessive androgen secretion or imbalance of hormone secretion, leading to increased sebum secretion, clogging sebaceous gland ducts and bulging to form acne; excessive keratinization of hair follicle ducts; sebum dandruff blocking pores, andBlocks are formed on the head, which is whiteheads. Whiteheads are oxidized to produce pigmentation and form blackheads; P. acnes infection.
Chinese medicine believes that the location of acne is related to its cause: Frequent acne on the forehead may be caused by endocrine disorders.
Menstrual disorders, eating hormone-containing supplements, etc., people with breast lumps, uterine fibroids, hormone levels are abnormal, prone to acne.
The acne on the chin is caused by eating spicy and fatty foods.
Because the gastrointestinal meridians of the human digestive system are mapped on the skin of the chin, the gastrointestinal is not comfortable, and the chin will manifest.
Acne on the cheeks is mostly caused by bad mood, staying up late, and menstrual disorders.
Because emotion directly affects the liver and gallbladder, the liver and gallbladder meridian passes through the cheek, emotional anxiety, and tension before menstruation will cause liver qi stagnation.
Acne on the nose is related to getting angry.
People who eat a lot of fried and fatty things will have acne on their noses.
It is best not to pull out the “dangerous triangle”. Acne appears on the face. Many people can’t wait to get rid of it. Various methods such as taking medicine, applying medicine or physiotherapy are used.
Dermatologist Shen Hong, chief physician of the Third Hospital of Shenzhen City, believes that some of these methods are reasonable, and some are Hu Lai.
For example, taking contraceptives may be effective in the short term, but it cannot cure the cause, and after some people stop taking the pill, acne may worsen.
Taking contraceptives is mainly to regulate hormones, it is not the preferred method for treating acne, and may cause irregular menstruation.
The most frightening part of the “combat acne” method is squeezing with your hands. This method may hurt the skin, form scars or cause pigmentation, and may be life-threatening in some cases.
Squeezing by hand can destroy the protective layer around the purulent bacteria, and the bacteria will spread into the surrounding tissue, causing inflammation to a greater extent.
If bacteria are “squeezed” into blood vessels, they can spread to other tissues or organs in the body with the bloodstream, or they can grow and reproduce in the blood.
The 11-year-old girl on Weibo suffered from severe sepsis after breaking out of acne, which is why.
The most dangerous is the “dangerous triangle” of the face, that is, the triangular area formed by the connection between the mouth corners and the root of the nose.
If you squeeze it hard, the bacteria in the pimples and pustules may be pressed into the blood vessels. The general vascular problems are not serious, and the white blood cells in the blood will kill the bacteria.
But if it happens to enter the returning venous blood, it will be troublesome when it comes to the sinus in the brain.
The sinuses are like a cavernous body. After the bacteria enter, they will not come out easily, and they will block and breed, causing inflammation, which is intracranial infection.
Let it go on its own, and go to the hospital if it doesn’t work. How should it be reasonable to fight acne?
Under normal circumstances, after the acne ruptures naturally and the pus will be naturally discharged, the skin will regenerate and heal.
Acne is crazy and difficult to deal with. You can go to the dermatology department of the hospital for help.
If the hair follicles are excessively keratinized, the intervention principle is to balance the secretion of oil, moisturize dry skin, and promote the normal exfoliation of aging cuticles; if the pores are slightly blocked to form acne, clear the blocked pores and use exfoliating creams;To use antibiotics to reduce inflammation and sterilization, continue to use exfoliating creams; once cysts have formed, use steroids and other hormones.
In addition, people who are prone to acne should avoid eating lard, fatty meat, cream, chocolate, sweets, peppers and wine, and drink less sweet drinks.